If the accused believes that the sentence that would be imposed in practice is less than five years` imprisonment (or that it is only a fine), the accused may apply to the public prosecutor for an objection. The defendant is rewarded with a reduction in the penalty and has other benefits (z.B. that the defendant does not pay the taxes of the procedure). The accused must accept the sentence for the counts (although the pleading sentence has some specific points in other compensation proceedings), regardless of the seriousness of the charges. In the case of hybrid offences in England and Wales, the decision on whether to try a case before the Magistrates Court or Crown Court is made by the judges until after a plea has been entered. An accused cannot plead guilty because he has dealt with a case before the magistrate`s court (which has less power to sanction). In the 1960s, oral arguments were still treated as unethical and, at worst, illegal. Accused defendants who had accepted oral arguments were asked not to recognize court hearings, as this might cast doubt on whether their arguments were voluntary. In 1967, however, an influential report by the President`s Prosecutions and Administration of Justice documented the widespread use of oral arguments and recommended recognition of the practice. During negotiations, the accused pleads guilty to the reduced charge (for example. B of aggravated assault instead of attempted murder).
A 2009 study by the European Association of Justice and Economic Affairs found that innocent defendants, on charges guilty, are more often opposed to other favourable pleas, even if this is theoretically prejudicial because of the injustice felt, and that they would do so even if the expected punishment was worse if it were brought to justice. The study concluded that “[d] its somewhat counter-intuitive “cost of innocence,” where the preferences of innocent people collectively do them worse than their guilty colleagues, by the practice of imposing much harsher sentences on defendants who challenge the charges. This “trial sentence” is intended to facilitate the guilty pleas of the guilty defendants [… and ironically…] disproportionate, collective, punishes innocent people who, for reasons of fairness, refuse certain offers that their guilty colleagues accept.  In the United States, investigations have shown that defendants who plead guilty are sentenced to lesser sentences than similarly exercising their right to a trial. Statistics have shown that after a jury conviction, the average sentence is generally much longer than the accused pleading guilty. It seems that the mere act of charging can reduce the sentence by about two-thirds.