So far, the United States is the only third-country country classified as a safe third country. The government appealed McDonald`s decision and argued that there would be “irreparable harm” to the rule of law and the common good if the border agreement were overturned. NINE: Canada gives the United States a say in our resettlement program in exchange for the agreement In exchange for the signing of this agreement, the United States will have a say when refugees are relocated to Canada under a secret secondary agreement. By allowing the United States to direct refugees to resettlement, Canada has the right to decide which refugees should be most likely to be resettled. Ironically, the United States now has more power to identify refugees for resettlement than Canadian immigration officers who, under the new law, cannot consider resettling refugees if they have not been transferred. The Canadian Refugee Council strongly opposes this agreement because the United States is not a safe country for all refugees. The CCR also denounces the objective and impact of reducing the number of refugees who can seek refuge in Canada. McDonald suspended his decision for six months to give Parliament a chance to respond. The agreement is maintained during this period. Under the agreement, refugee claimants must apply in the first country they arrive between the United States or Canada, unless they are entitled to a waiver.
For example, asylum seekers who are citizens of a country other than the United States and who arrive from the United States at the land border between Canada and the United States can only assert their rights to refugees in Canada if they fulfill an exception under the Safe Third Country Agreement. But the increase in refugee applications came at a time when the third-country security agreement was in force. Since the agreement allows the government to deport asylum seekers who attempt to enter official ports of entry, future refugees who do not meet specific exceptions under the agreement, such as. B a family member living in Canada, must find other ways to cross the border if they wish to apply for refugees in Canada. The agreement was signed on December 5, 2002 in Washington, D.C. by Bertin Cété (Deputy Head of Mission, Canadian Embassy) and Arthur E. Dewey (Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees and Migration, United States). McDonald gave the government until the end of January to prepare for the break of the agreement because it understood that it was in the public interest not to terminate the agreement immediately. Following the publication of the judgment, the public interest parties involved in the case asked the federal government not to appeal the court`s decision and to stop sending individuals back to the United States as part of the agreement. In his statement, Blair said the agreement with the United States.